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In memory of
Yurii Andreevich Ossipyan


Outstanding scientist and organiser of science, Yury Andreevich Ossipyan, passed away on September 10, 2008, at the age of 78. His principal scopes covered condensed matter physics and physics of strength and plasticity of solids. He was the founder of the Institute of Solid State Physics RAS in Chernogolovka, a member of the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences and member of the Presidium of the RAS Research Centre in Chernogolovka. The death of Yury Andreevich is an irreparable loss to the scientific community of Russia and the world..
Yu.A. Ossipyan was born in Moscow on February 15, 1931. In 1955, he graduated from Moscow Institute for Steel and Alloys, having majored in metallurgical engineering. He began his research career at the Institute of Metal Science and Physics of Metals, affiliated with the Central Research Institute of Ferrous Metallurgy, while at the same time having his theoretical studies at the Faculty for Mechanics and Mathematics of Lomonosov Moscow State University.
The focus of his whole life was organisation, growth and development of the Institute of Solid State Physics RAS (ISSP), established by Academician G.V. Kurdyumov in 1963. From 1963 to 1973, Yury Andreevich was a deputy of Georgy Vyacheslavovich for research at ISSP, and was ISSP director from 1973 until 2002. In 2002, Academician Yu.A. Ossipyan became science supervisor of the Institute of Solid State Physics RAS.
Yury Andreevich had more than 200 papers published, dedicated to the theory of phase transitions, physics of materials strength, physics of electric and magnetic phenomena, physics of semiconductors, optics of dielectrics and semiconductors, and other fields of solid state physics. In the 1960s, Yu.A. Ossipyan commenced his pioneering experimental studies regarding interaction between electrons and extended defects in crystals. During that period, he discovered an unexpected and fascinating phenomenon referred to as the photoplastic effect in modern literature. Together with his students, Yu.A. Ossipyan discovered the electroplastic effect and the occurrence of electric charge on dislocations in semiconducting II-VI compounds; the existence of clusters of “dangling” valent bonds in dislocation cores in silicon, electron spin resonance and spindependent recombination on dislocations. Elegant experiments on high-frequency conduction led them to the discovery of quasi-one-dimensional electron bands bound up with dislocations, and combined electron resonance on dislocations in silicon. The pioneering experiments on the dangling-bond electron paramagnetic resonance have by now engendered a powerful tool for semiconductor diagnostics — the electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy of defects in semiconductors.
The contribution of Yu.A. Ossipyan and his research school to the physics of dislocations in semiconductor crystals won international recognition. He was elected a foreign member of national academies of Bulgaria, Hungary, Poland and Czechoslovakia. He was also a member of the National Academy of Engineering of the USA and the International Academy of Astronautics. For many years, Yury Andreevich successfully headed the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP). In 1972, he was elected Corresponding Member of the USSR Academy of Sciences and in 1981 — Full Member of the Academy. His works in the physics of dislocations brought him in 1984 one of the most prestigious awards of the USSR Academy of Sciences — Lebedev Gold Medal. In 2005, Yu.A. Ossipyan was awarded the highest distinction of the Russian Academy of Sciences — Lomonosov Grand Gold Medal.
Yury Andreevich Ossipyan was an excellent teacher and tutor for young scientists. He fully understood the importance of attracting and training new research personnel, and devoted a great deal of his energy, time and attention to this activity. He established an ISSP-based Chair of Solid State Physics of Moscow Institute for Physics and Technology (MIPT). For many years, he lectured to students and post-graduates at MIPT and remained Head of the Chair until his very last days. Dozens of students, who later grew into outstanding Russian scientists, prepared their PhD and Doctoral theses under his supervision. It was again him who initiated organization of a Faculty of Physical Chemistry of Moscow State University in Chernogolovka.
From 1985 to 2008, Yury Andreevich was Editorin- Chief of “Kvant” (Quantum), a popular scholarly journal for children. He also headed the editorial board of the no less famous series of “Bibliotechka Kvant” (Quantum Little Library). The role of such periodicals in attracting young people to scientific careers cannot be overestimated.
Yury Andreevich always offered his best human qualities — friendliness, intelligence, wisdom, delicate sense of humour, sympathy for human suffering, thoughtful and responsive attitude towards people surrounding him, with deep insight into real merits of a person regardless of his rank. He chose to work with intelligent, honest and talented people, had creative imagination and could well formulate goals and plans for the future. He was never afraid of shouldering responsibility and knew how to achieve the goals he set for himself. The uniquely friendly and welcoming atmosphere surrounding him was always supportive of creativity and success of talented young researchers. The brilliant talent of Yu.A. Ossipyan as a science administrator and the system of recruiting and training research staff he had developed ensured ISSP’s growing into one of the largest and most efficient academic institutions of physics research in Russia.

V.V. Kveder
August 2009